5.a.14 – Public or private?

Read 12270 times.
June 25, 2010 — Riccardo Sabellotti - Giacinto Sabellotti

Public or private?

The various forms of association of human beings depend on the activities for which they were created. A factor of crucial importance, therefore, which cannot be overlooked, is the economic aspect.
Previously we have defined wealth as the whole of assets, i.e. what we use to live at best; our clothes, appliances, our homes are an example, but also public goods such as roads, water and schools are included in this definition. We can see that some goods are personal by their nature and other are of collective type: what would be the meaning of considering my shoes or my toothbrush as collective goods when I’m obviously the only one to use them? An asset is by definition something that helps our lives, but if it has this function only for a single individual, it cannot be considered a collective good. This kind of considerations can certainly be used to justify the concept of private property, but with the same logic we can do the same with the concept of collective and then with the public property: if in fact we take as an example a source of drinking water, this will be a valuable asset for the local population and it is therefore reasonable to consider it a good of the whole community of the surrounding territory. With a similar reasoning, any good of national interest should be considered public, i.e. owned by all citizens, but we can go further: if we think of air pollution, this does not respect national boundaries, but is spreading everywhere: in this respect the air acts as a single asset for all humanity.
It follows that the notions of public and private are not in conflict, but both necessary to human nature; they have traditionally been presented as contradictory as a result of the historic conflict between the two major economic and political ideologies of the past, liberal and socialist, both resulted into a failure. Looking at these concepts objectively, this opposition is now entirely without foundation, even if it is not always easy to determine to which category assign a given asset; a hospital, for instance, can be both public and private: it depends on who has funded its construction or purchase. Furthermore, the same good may perform different functions: a forest can be seen as a resource from which to obtaining wood for the people who live close by, but it is also a source of oxygen for the entire planet; a glacier may be a tourist attraction for practicing winter sports, but also a water reservoir that feeds throughout the year the rivers downstream. It is therefore not always easy to distinguish public from private, but it is not even very difficult when you have clear ideas.
On similar reasoning today are based green taxes, which are designed to make consumers of a product pay the indirect costs due to environmental damage caused by the production of such property, such as hospital costs for pollution-related diseases, for the reconstructions after floods due to climate change or deforestation and the like. These costs typically weigh on the whole community who, in this way, is damaged twice, first suffering the damage and then paying for it; that form of taxation tends then to attack the industry, whose production processes are well known both for the resources they use and for the slag that create, in proportion to their environmental impacts; such taxes, which inevitably will be repaid in the price of products, make clear directly on the product the cost it has to the community in monetary terms and performs at least three positive functions:
– makes the activities that harm the environment less convenient, thus discouraging the purchase of the final product;
– leads to shift consumption to environmentally friendly products, by encouraging an economy respectful of the environment and a technological research in this direction;
– allows to at least partially compensate the community for the damage suffered.
Although this system cannot compensate for the damages, difficult to calculate in monetary as well as in moral terms, it is an important step in the right direction and it is worth recalling that the traditional systems for controlling the environmental compatibility of production cycles, in addition to very poor results, are also much more expensive, based on a complicated bureaucracy associated with inspectors for the controls, proceedings in court, prison costs for the convicted and the like. All these costs are reduced instead to a minimum with this system, which is now universally known among politicians and economists, but applied only in sporadic cases; this reveals a lack of political will, in open conflict with the interests of the population and favouring the major economic lobbies which never fail to fund the corrupt politicians. Again we see the need for a truly democratic system that can apply similar strategies on a large scale.
Within a modern village, it must therefore be established from time to time how to evaluate a given resource and how to manage it, choosing between a public, private or collective type of approach.

paypal_button

FURTHER INFO
  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTPIGOVIAN TAX

THE FAMOUS CASE
 
ERNESTO NATHAN  stella4

lampadina  HOW TO REGISTER?

iperindice HIPERINDEX

previous                                          next >

ccl

VN:F [1.9.18_1163]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.18_1163]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

15 Comments to “5.a.14 – Public or private?”

  1. car haulers for rent…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  2. click this says:

    click this…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  3. Wilbur says:

    Wilbur…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  4. Vmchange says:

    Vmchange…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  5. culudo.net says:

    culudo.net…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  6. linked web page…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  7. hayansalt.co.kr…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  8. blog here says:

    blog here…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  9. Read More Here…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  10. Anurag says:

    Anurag…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  11. Ammar says:

    Ammar…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  12. wnlfo.com says:

    wnlfo.com…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  13. luxury furniture stores in london…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  14. api.8to18.com…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  15. notme.blog.paowang.net…

    5.a.14 – Public or private? | Ofelon…

    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.18_1163]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Ofelon project utilizes a Creative Common license
Creative Commons License